Scientific apparatus in publications

The scientific apparatus is an inseparable element of every book or scientific article. It is a list of source materials which the author cited, discussed or used while writing a given publication. The scientific apparatus consists of:

  • footnotes,
  • attachment bibliography,
  • links to other texts.
  • The scientific apparatus is an important element of any scientific publication.


If in a Bachelor’s or Master’s thesis we need to include some definition, which must be in the form that the dictionary gives us. It is in this situation that we insert this description by entering it in quotation marks and creating the footnote below. In this way, we inform about where the definition comes from. In many situations, using quotes makes it very easy to write a bachelor thesis.

Footnotes are used to document the theses we set at work. We use them when we quote materials or when we refer to other people’s words. Most often, we enter bibliographic descriptions in them so that we know where we have derived this knowledge. There are various forms of footnotes, each of them has a function: bibliographic, explanatory, complementary or condensed footnotes. We can use them depending on your needs.

Annexed bibliography

Attachment bibliography is a compulsory element of every bachelor thesis, thesis and any other scientific publication. In the bibliography, we provide sources and studies that we used to create our diploma thesis.

The annex is supplements, attachments, the source of which must also be indicated.

Describing all these elements is necessary for the article to be reliable and reliable. Information contained in it can not be taken from “nothing”. The author must ensure that the scientific apparatus in his materials is completed and true.

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